Magellan Explains: Scope 1, 2 and 3 carbon emissions

Funds Management

by Magellan Financial Group


Scope 1, 2 and 3 carbon emissions were defined by The Greenhouse Gas Protocol and forms part of its Corporate Accounting Reporting Standard. It provides a global framework for companies, organisations, and industries to measure and manage their GHG emissions with the goal to individually and collectively reduced emissions over time.


This scope includes all direct emissions that come from sources owned or controlled by a company. These can include emissions resulting from vehicles, heating buildings, or gas leaking from air conditioning or refrigeration units.

For example: Emissions by the gas burners in a Chipotle restaurant kitchen.


This scope includes all emissions that result from electricity that is purchased and used by a company. These can include emissions resulting from generating electricity that is used in a building and which the company pays for.

For example: Emissions from the electricity used to power the air-conditioning and lighting system at a Chipotle restaurant.


This scope includes all emissions that result from a companies activities or the assets that they own, not directly from the company itself. These can include emissions resulting from the waste disposal of sold products or from purchased goods and services.

For example: Emissions from the methane from cows supplying beef that a Chipotle restaurant buys via its suppliers.

Having a comprehensive understanding of all scope emissions can provide a credible understanding of a company’s entire environmental impacts. This allows companies to address and make informed decisions on ways to minimise their carbon footprint, monitor their sustainability practices and contribute towards climate change mitigation efforts.

At Magellan, our investment team diligently engages with companies on Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) risks and opportunities, with the aim of strengthening our conviction in portfolio risk management and improving investment outcomes.

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